How Global Name Zones Work In Windows Server 2008?

by [Published on 14 Jan. 2009 / Last Updated on 13 Oct. 2008]

This article shows the steps included when resolving a name in DNS Server running on Windows Server 2008.

Microsoft has changed the functionaility of DNS Server that ships with Windows Server 2008. DNS Server running on a Windows Server 2008 offers many new functionality. One of them is Global Name Zone or GNZ.

GNZ gives a chance to organizationz to move to a DNS-only environment by eliminating the need to have a WINS Server on the network.  

How does it work?

  • 1. A user requests a resource by NETBIOS Name by adding the Domain Suffix and then send the request to the DNS Server.
  • 2. If DNS Server hosts the GNZ, then the DNS Server will look in the GNZ first for the name and return the response to client as expected.
  • 3. If name is not found in the GNZ, then the authoritative zone for the name is checked.


Unlike WINS the DNS Client must send a normal query (FQDN). If a DNS Client sends a query without the Domain Suffix, the DNS Server will not look into the GNZ for resolution. It will simply discard the request with negative response.

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The Author — Nirmal Sharma

Nirmal Sharma avatar

Nirmal Sharma is a MCSEx3, MCITP and was awarded the Microsoft MVP award in Directory Services and Windows Networking. He specializes in Microsoft Azure, Office 365, Directory Services, Failover Clusters, Hyper-V, PowerShell Scripting and System Center products. Nirmal has been involved with Microsoft Technologies since 1994. In his spare time, he likes to help others and share some of his knowledge by writing tips and articles on various sites and contributing to PowerShell-based Dynamic Packs for www.ITDynamicPacks.Net solutions.

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