In Windows 7, you’ll find several new parameters for the defragmentation tool (defrag.exe) you can use at the Command Prompt, which include the following:
- /E: Perform the operation on all volumes except those specified.
- /H: Run the operation at normal priority (default is low).
- /M: Run the operation on each volume in parallel in the background.
- /T: Track an operation already in progress on the specified volume.
- /U: Print the progress of the operation on the screen.
- /X: Perform free space consolidation on the specified volumes.
The following are additional parameters that existed in earlier Windows editions and are listed by defrag help:
- /A: Perform analysis on the specified volumes.
- /C: Perform the operation on all volumes.
- /V: Print verbose output containing the fragmentation statistics.
Here are parameters that previously existed but aren’t listed by defrag help, though still work:
- /R: Performs partial defragmentation (default). Attempts to consolidate only fragments smaller than 64 megabytes (MB).
- /W: Performs full defragmentation. Attempts to consolidate all file fragments, regardless of their size.
- /F: Forces defragmentation of the volume when free space is low.