How to choose a tunneling protocol

by Mitch Tulloch [Published on 23 Jan. 2007 / Last Updated on 23 Jan. 2007]

Which tunneling protocol should you use for VPN?

Virtual Private Networking in Microsoft Windows supports two tunneling protocols: L2TP and PPTP. Which VPN tunneling protocol should you use in which circumstance? Here's a quick guide:

Use PPTP if your enterprise doesn't have a CA to issue computer certificates and if you need compatibility with VPN client computers running legacy Windows platforms.

Use L2TP if your VPN connections require data integrity and non-reputability and not just the data confidentiality that PPTP provides.

Use PPTP if your VPN clients may be located behind NATs as most NATs can be configured to work with this protocol but not with L2TP.


Mitch Tulloch is President of MTIT Enterprises, an IT content development company based in Winnipeg, Canada. Prior to starting his own company in 1998, Mitch worked as a Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) for Productivity Point International. Mitch is a widely recognized expert on Windows administration, networking and security and has written 14 books and over a hundred articles on various topics. He has been repeatedly awarded Most Valuable Professional (MVP) status by Microsoft for his outstanding contributions in supporting users who deploy Microsoft platforms, products and solutions. Mitch is also a professor at Jones International University (JIU) where he teaches graduate-level courses in Information Security Management (ISM) for their Masters of Business Administration (MBA) program. For more information see

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The Author — Mitch Tulloch

Mitch Tulloch is a well-known expert on Windows Server administration and cloud computing technologies. He has published over a thousand articles on information technology topics and has written, contributed to or been series editor for over 50 books.

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