Unlike Windows 95/98/ME, Windows
XP ( like NT4 and Windows 2000) keeps a log of events,
which can be used to identify problems with installed components.
To view the Event Log, select in the Control - Panel :
"Administrative Tools" :
There is a separate log for :
- System : Windows logs here all its event for devices
- Security :
- Application : Other programs than Windows XP itself can log
here their events
Events are classified by "Type" :
||Warning : should be checked
||Error : must be checked
Let's have a look at some
interesting items in the Log : Source : eventlog, events: 6006
||When shutting down your system, the last
entry in the Event-Log will be the event 6006:
"The Event log service was stopped".
If this event is missing, it indicated an improper
shutdown of the system (either a "blue screen"
or the user simply pushed the power-off button),
improper Shutdowns can cause a system to become
||When starting up Windows XP, one of the
first events will be 6005:
"The Event Log service was started".
All items above this entry will show other status
messages of Windows XP starting up.
Let's check the warning message for the DHCP :
||My system is configured with 2 network
one for a LAN, a second for connection to an
ADSL-modem. While the Adapter for the LAN
has a static IP-address, the adapters for the
ADSL-connection was configured to
"obtain an IP-address automatically".
This warning message shows, that my systems
was not able to locate a DHCP-server on the
network and used therefor the internal
Automatic IP-address generation to assign an
This is ok for my system, so I can in this case
ignore this warning message.
But if you get such a warning when trying to
connect to an office network with a DHCP-server,
it indicates a problem with the network cables.
Let's check the ERROR message for W32Time :
||Time Provider :
Somehow my system got configured to
try to connect to a time-server (to synchronize
the clock on my system with an exact time).
Since I was first not aware of this issue, I tried
to get more information by using the link
to the Microsoft support website.
||The system is asking your permission to
transmit some information.
Bad luck : no more information available on this event log item .
The solution : By default, Windows XP is configured to "call
home" to synchronize the clock.
||Using the right-click menu, you can save the
a file, allowing you to transfer it (via floppy or
another system, where you can use the entry "Open
of this menu to display such a transferred Event Viewer
You can also use this menu to "Clear all
||By default, all events in the Event Log will be
||To shorten the displayed list, select to activate a
||In the Filter definition, you can make a lookup
of all available sources for events
||if you are looking for specific event,
you can enter it directly
||If you plan to monitor the events on your system for
longer time, you should reconfigure the Event-Log by
displaying the Event-Log Properties :
||The default values limit the size of the Event log
and will overwrite events after 7 days.
||I suggest to increase the size of the Event log file
(to several MBytes) and to define to "overwrite
events as needed" : This will keeps the entries in
Event Log, until the file has reached the maximum
size and then it will start overwriting the oldest
event log entries.