Windows NT4 Domain Home Directories
When being connected to a Server, each user is
usually assigned a location /
directory on the server to store his private files (file, which
nobody else is allowed to access). Although a user could keep
such private files on his local
harddisk, it is preferred to store such files on a server,
because files on the server are at most installations properly
backed-up (while for files on local
harddisk, far too often never a backup is made).
Such a directory on the server is called: "Home
To ensure the privacy of such files, Home-Directories should be
on server disks with NTFS-formatting, where the Administrator has
create a directory for these Home-directories and then to Share
||In this example, the Home-directories
will be stored on the G-drive in the
which is shared
under the name "Users"
and for which
"Everybody" needs "Full Access"
(otherwise the users are NOT able
to store their files via the network)
||To avoid users to create additional
directories themselves, it is now
required to define under "Security"
(ONLY available on NTFS drives)
- the Administrator has "Full Access"
(because when creating users, a home
directory needs to be created, so the
Administrator needs the Create-Right)
- "Everybody" else has "Read Access"
(so that get can get to their own Home
In the "Domain User-Manager",
the Home-Directory is defined using
the UNC-path (using the Server-name , share-name and
so that the Client can locate it via the Network (and NOT the local path,
since that is unknown to the client trying to access it via the
When defining the Home-directory in the User-manager (above) and
rights are properly defined to the USERS-directory, then the
will create automatically the Home-Directory for this user and
||Even the Administrator is not allowed
to view inside this Home-Directory,
since the User-manager assigned
ONLY to the user the "Full Control"
Via the "Network Neighborhood", the user is able to
access his Home-Directory:
You can see the name of the other Home-Directories, but the
does not allow you to even view the content of other user's data.
Instead of the users having to browse the
Network Neighborhood to access their home-directory, on most
servers a network-drive is mapped via the
A network drive can be mapped using the NET- USE- command,
the UNC to the Users-directory, but often the Logon-Script uses
variable defined during the Logon.
To view them, open a DOS-window (or
"Command prompt" window) and
The HOMEDRIVE and HOMESHARE variable are used in the sample
Logon-Script below to map the Home-Directory:
As a result of the above Logon-Script, a message is displayed
(using NOTEPAD) and 2 network drives are mapped, where drive H:
is the user's Home-Directory:
There is a nice short-cut, when having to
create a lot of users in the "User-Manager",
by using the Environment variables also in the User-Profile:
Instead of defining in the "User Environment
Profile" the username in
the Home-Directory UNC-path:
use here also the %USERNAME% variable:
||you can now use in User-Manager the
(very fast using the F8-key) to quickly create users
with the same profile, but still assigning to all of them
their own Home-Directory.